Main references 

  • Council of Europe, Competences for democratic culture. Living together as equals in culturally diverse democratic societies, Strasbourg Council of Europe Publishing, 2016 (read document)
  • Council of the European Union, Council Recommendation of 22 May 2018 on key competences for lifelong learning (Text with EEA relevance.) ST/9009/2018/INIT (read document)
  • Recommendation of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 on key competences for lifelong learning (2006/962/EC) (read document
  • Eurydice. Citizen education at school in Europe 2017 (read document 
  • European Commission, The Structure of the European education systems 2023-2024 (read document)
  • W. Schulz, J. Ainley, J. Fraillon, B. Losito, G. Agrusti, T. Friedman (2018), Be-coming Citizens in a Changing World. IEA International Civic and Citizenship Education Study 2016 International Report (read document)

The European Union. History, values, rights, functioning of the institutions

History and EU Pionieers (continue reading on the EU internet site or click on images)